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Gleditsia triacanthos


Accepted name

Gleditsia triacanthos L.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

Synonyms

Acacia americana Stokes12
Acacia inermis Steud.12
Acacia laevis Steud.12
Acacia triacanthos Gron.12
Caesalpiniodes triacanthum (L.) Kuntze12
Gleditschia triacanthos L.13
Gleditsia brachycarpa (Michx.) Pursh12
Gleditsia bujotii Neumann12
Gleditsia bujotii Neumann var. pendula Rehder12
Gleditsia elegans Salisb.12
Gleditsia ferox Desf. var. nana Rehder12
Gleditsia flava Steud.12
Gleditsia heterophylla Raf.12
Gleditsia horrida Salisb.12
Gleditsia inermis L.12
Gleditsia inermis L. var. elegantissima Grosdem.12
Gleditsia laevis G. Don12
Gleditsia latifolia Lavallee12
Gleditsia latisilique Steud.12
Gleditsia meliloba Walter12
Gleditsia micracantha Steud.12
Gleditsia polysperma Stokes12
Gleditsia sinensis Lam. var. nana Loudon12
Gleditsia sinensis Lam. var. nana Asch. & Graebn.12
Gleditsia spinosa Marsh12
Gleditsia triacanthos L. var. brachycarpos Michx.12
Gleditsia triacanthos L. var. bujotii (Neumann)Rehder12
Gleditsia triacanthos L. var. horrida Aiton12
Gleditsia triacanthos L. var. inermis Willd.12
Gleditsia triacanthos L. var. inermis (L.)Castigl.12
Gleditsia triacanthos L. var. laevis Koch12
Gleditsia triacanthos L. var. macrocarpos Michx.12
Gleditsia triacanthos L. var. nana Henry12
Gleditsia triacanthos L. var. polysperma Aiton12
Gleditsia triacanthus Mill.12
Melilobus heterophyla Raf.12

Taxonomy

Tribe: Caesalpinieae;  Genus: Gleditsia

Vernacular names

Acacia de tres puas (Sp)14; Acacia Negra15; Algarroba Turca15; Common Honey-Locust (En)16; Common Honey-Locust (En)17; Fevier epineux (Fr)14; Gledichiya Obyknovennaya (Rus)10; Gledichiya Tryokhkolyuchkovaya11; Gleditschie (Ge)14; Honey Locust18; Honey Locust19; Honey Locust20; Honey-chuck18; Honey-locust (En)14; Iglicznia (Pl)14; Sheitan-agadzhy (Azerb)8; Spino di Cristo (It)14; Sweet Locust16; Sweet Locust17; Three-thorned Acacia16; Three-thorned Acacia17; Tzankanush (Arm)8

Descriptors

Perennial non-climbing tree;  not threatened

Uses

Chemical products21; Environmental16; Environmental7; Environmental22; Environmental10; Food and Drink16; Forage16; Forage23; Forage7; Forage10; Medicine21; Miscellaneous7; Wood7; Wood21; Forage24; Medicine24

Notes

Widely introduced to southern Provinces and sometimes naturalised11


Geographical records

Africa:   Mozambique(I)25, South Africa(I)20, Uganda(I)1, Zimbabwe(I)25

Argentina:   Buenos Aires26, Cordoba26

Asia5, 7, 9, 16, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31:   Afghanistan(I)27, Armenia(I)8, Azerbaijan(I), China(I)9, Gruzia(I)8, India(I)5, 29, 30, India-ISO(I)5, Iran(I)16, Iraq(I)16, Kazakhstan(I), Kirgizstan(I), Pakistan(I)7, Russia in Asia(I), Tadzhikistan(I), Uzbekistan(I)32

Australasia33:   Australia(I)33

Australia:   New South Wales33, Queensland33, Western Australia33

Azerbaijan:   Azerbaijan*34

Canada:   Nova Scotia35, 36, Ontario35, 36

China:   Shanghai31

Europe37:   Austria-F.E.(I)2, Belarus(I)13, Bulgaria(I)2, Corsica(U)37, Crete(I)37, Czech Republic & Slovakia(I)2, France-F.E.(I)2, Germany(I)2, Italy-F.E.(I)2, Moldova(I)38, 39, Portugal(I)2, Romania(I)2, Russia in Europe(I), Sicily(I)37, Spain-F.E.(I)2, Ukraine(I)

India:   Himachal Pradesh29, Punjab30, Uttar Pradesh5

Indian Ocean6, 40:   Mauritius(I)6

Kazakhstan:   Alma-Ata41, Chimkent41, Dzhambul41

Kirgizstan:   Frunze42

North America1, 6, 35, 36, 43, 44:   Canada(N)35, 36, 45, United States(N)6, 12, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53

Pacific Ocean22:   New Zealand (North)(I)22

Russia in Asia:   Adygea8, Checheno-Ingushetia8, Dagestan8, Kabardino-Balkaria8, Karacheyevo-Cherkessia8, Krasnodar8, Severo-Osetia8, Stavropol8

Russia in Europe:   Astrakhan54, 55, Belgorod56, Bryansk57, Kaliningrad58, Kalmykia59, Lipetsk60, Rostov-Don61, Volgograd54, Voronezh62

South America26:   Argentina(I)26

Tadzhikistan:   Dushanbe63, 64

Ukraine:   Chernovtsy65, Donetsk66, Ivano-Frankovsk65, Kharkov66, Kherson66, Khmelnitski65, Kiev67, Krym11, 54, Lvov65, Nikolaev66, Odessa68, Rovno65, Ternopol65, Volynia65, Voroshilovgrad66, Zakarpatskaya65, Zaporozhye66

United States:   Alabama43, 44, Arizona44, Arkansas43, 44, California43, 44, Connecticut43, Delaware43, 44, Florida43, 44, Georgia43, 44, Idaho44, Illinois43, 44, Indiana43, 44, Iowa43, 44, Kansas43, 44, Kentucky43, 44, Louisiana43, 44, Maryland43, 44, Massachusetts43, Michigan43, Minnesota43, 44, Mississippi43, 44, Missouri43, 44, Nebraska43, 44, Nevada43, 44, New Jersey43, New York43, 44, North Carolina43, 44, North Dakota43, Ohio43, 44, Oklahoma43, 44, Pennsylvania43, 44, Rhode Island44, South Carolina43, 44, South Dakota43, 44, Tennessee43, 44, Texas43, 44, Utah43, 44, Virginia43, 44, West Virginia43, 44, Wisconsin43, 44

(N = native, I = introduced, U = uncertain status)

Habitats (for Africa only)

Cultivated1

Literature citations

Description2, 6, 7, 9, 10, 15, 16, 18, 31, 69;  Distribution43;  Illustration11, 15, 16, 32, 69, 70

Sources

2005 (Indian Ocean) Lock JM & Ireland H (JS2005);     Coordinator: 1993 Zarucchi JL

References

1:Brenan, J.P.M. (1967) Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
2:Heywood, V.H. & Ball, P.W. (1968) Leguminosae. In: Flora Europaea Vol. 2. ed. Tutin, T.G. et al.
3:Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Sp. Pl.
4:Czerepanov, S.K. (1981) Plantae Vasculares, URSS. Leningrad.
5:Sanjappa, M. (1992) Legumes of India. Dehra Dun: Bishen Singh Mahendra...
6:Polhill, R, M. (1990) Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
7:Ali, S.I. (1973) Flora of Pakistan, No. 54 Caesalpiniaceae. Karachi: Univ Karac
8:Grossheim, A.A. (1952) Flora Kavkaza, Vol. 5. Moscow, Leningrad. (Rus)
9:Li, L.C. (1988) Gleditsia. In: Fl. Reip. Pop. Sinicae, 39 (Leguminosae 1)
10:Palibin, I.V. (1941) In: Flora URSS, Vol. 11. Mosqua, Leningrad. (Rus)
11:Yakovlev, G.P. (1987) In: Flora Partis Europaeae URSS, Vol. 6. Leningrad. (Rus)
12:Gordon, D. (1966) Unpubl. Ph. D. diss., Indiana Univ. [Univ. Microfilms, 1979] 1-115
13:Fedchenko, B.A. (1950) Leguminosae. In: Flora BSSR, Vol. 3. Minsk. (Rus)
14:Balashev, L.L., Ed. (1970) Dictionary of useful plants in twenty european languages.
15:Burkart, A. (1952) Acme Agency, Buenos Aires 569 pp Las Leguminosas Argentinas
16:Townsend, C.C. & Guest, E. (1974) Flora of Iraq. Vol. 3. Baghdad.
17:Bailey, L.H. (1961) Manual of cultivated plants. New York.
18:Barneby, R.C. (1989) Fabales. In: A. Cronquist et al. Intermountain Fl. 3B: 1-20, 27-279
19:Healy, A. (1985) Standard common names for weeds in New Zealand
20:Ross, J.H. (1982) Caesalpinoideae. In: Flora Southern Africa 16, pt. 1. Ross. J.H.
21:Ambasta, S.P. (1986) The useful plants of India
22:Horn, P.E. (1988) Herbarium References
23:Howes, F.N. (1946) Kew Bull. 1: 51-87. Fence & barrier plants in warm climates.
24:Watt, J.M. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M (1962) Medicinal & Poisonous Plants of Southern & Eastern Africa
25:Lock, J.M. (1985) Specimen in Herb. Kew
26:Boeclke, O. (1946) Darwiniana 7 (2): 240-321 Est. Morfologico Semillas Mim. y Cae
27:Kitamura, S. (1960) Flora of Afghanistan. Res. of Kyoto Uni. Exped. 1955: Vol. 2
28:Komarov, V.L. (1945) Flora of the U.S.S.R. Vol XI (Engl. Translation 1972)
29:Chowdhery, H.J. & Wadhwa, B.M. (1984) Flora of Himachal Pradesh Vol. 1
30:Parker, R.N. (1918) Forest Flora for the Punjab with Hazara and Delhi
31:Wu, T.L. (1988) Mimososoideae. In: Fl. Reip. Pop. Sinicae, 39 (Leguminosae 1)
32:Drobov, V.P. (1955) In: Flora Uzbekistanica, Vol. 3. Taschkent. (Rus)
33:Hnatiuk, R.J. (1990) Census Australian Vasc. Plants, Bureau Fl. & Fauna, Canberra
34:Gadzhiev, V.D. & Musaev, S.G. (1994) Information from BAK Herbarium (Baku, Azerbaijan).
35:Robertson, K.R. & Lee, Y.T. (1976) J. Arnold Arbor. 57 (1): 1-53 Genera Caesalpinioideae-S.E. USA
36:Gleason, H.A. (1968) Ill. Fl. Northern U.S. (Ed. 3). Vol. 2. Hafner Pub. Co. 655pp
37:Greuter, W. et al. (Eds.) (1989) Med-Checklist Vol. 4 (published)
38:Geideman, T.S. (1986) Opredelitel vysshikh rasteni Moldavskoi SSR, 3rd ed.
39:Nikolaev, V. Ya. (1994) Information from CHIS Herbarium (Kishinev, Moldavia).
40:Robertson, S.A. (1989) Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
41:Goloskokov, V.P. (1961) In: Flora Kazakhstana Vol. 5. Alma-Ata. (Rus)
42:Sultanova, B.A. (1994) Information from FRU Herbarium (Bishkek, Kirgizstan).
43:Isely, D. (1975) Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25 (2): 1-228 Legum. of the U.S.: II.
44:Isely, D. (1998) Native & naturalized Leg. of the USA. Brigham Young Univ. Utah
45:Rudd, V.E. (1965) Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 32 (5): 279-384American Spp. Ormosia
46:Eleuterius, L.N. & Otovos, E.G. J (1979) Sida 8 (1): 102-103 Floristic.. Indian Middens in Salt Marshes
47:Henry, R.D. & Scott, A.R. (1984) Phytologia 56 (3): 129-136... Vasc. plants Waits Woods, Illinois
48:Henry, R.D. & Scott, A.R. (1985) Phytologia 57 (1): 65-72 Plants-Ferster Woods, W.-Cen. Illinoi
49:Hill, S.R. (1981) Sida 9 (1): 43-54 Supplement Flora Texas Coastal Bend, F. Jones
50:Janzen, D.H. & Liesner, R. (1980) Brenesia 18: 15-90 Check-list Lowl. GuanacasteProv. Costa Rica
51:List Based Record (1986) U.S. Soil Conservation Service
52:Turner, B.L. (1959) Univ. of Texas Press, Austin. 284 pp The Legumes of Texas
53:Uribe-Uribe, L. (1942) Caldasia 1 (4): 7-12 Nuevas Leguminosas de Colombia
54:Bochkin, V.D. (1994) Information from MHA Herbarium (Moscow, Russia).
55:Pilipenko, V. & Laktionov A. (1996) Additional checking of Leguminosae of Astrakhan Province.
56:Tarasova, E.M. (1996) Information from Herb. State Mus. of Hist, Arch. (Kirov)
57:Bulokhov, A.D. (1994) Information from Herbarium of Bryansk Pedagogical Institute.
58:Gubareva, I. Yu. (1993) Information from Herbarium of Kaliningrad State University
59:Baktasheva, N.M. (1982) Flora Kalmytzkoi ASSR i ee analiz, Vol. 2. Kand. Diss.
60:Alexandrova K.I. & al. (1996) Flora of Lipetsk Province. Moscow.
61:Zozulin, G.M. (1984) Fabaceae. In: Flora Nizhnego Dona, Vol. 1. Rostov-Don. (Rus)
62:Grigorjevskaya, A. Ja. (1994) Information from VOR Herbarium (Voronezh, Russia).
63:Rasulova, M.R. (1978) In: Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR, 2nd ed. Vol. 5. Leningrad. (Rus)
64:Sharipova, B.A. (1996) Special listing and checking of Leguminosae of Tadzhikistan.
65:Kagalo, A.A. (1994) Special checking of Leguminosae of Western Ukraine.
66:Yakovlev G., Sytin, Roskov (1996) Legumes of Northern Eurasia: a Check-list. RBG Kew 724 p.
67:Mosyakin, S.L. (1994) Special listing and checking of Leguminosae of Kiev Polesie
68:Vasiljeva-Nemertsalova, T.V. (1994) Special checking of Leguminosae of Odessa Province.
69:Harden, G.J. (Ed.) (1991) Flora of New South Wales, Vol 2. Kensington: New South Wales
70:Voss, E.G. (1985) Bull. Cranbrook Inst. Sci. 59. Michigan Flora. Part II


The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Gleditsia triacanthos . If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page.

Nomenclature

TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W3TROPICOS)

Flora Europaea database at RBG Edinburgh

APNI (Australian Plant Name Index): nomenclatural database in Canberra

Rhizobia

database of root-nodule bacteria at RIKEN, Japan



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