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Vigna radiata


Accepted name

Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

Synonyms

Azukia radiata (L.) Ohwi1, 3, 5, 8, 11, 13, 15
Phaseolus abyssinicus Savi3
Phaseolus aureus Roxb.1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, 16, 17, 18
Phaseolus hirtus Retz.3
Phaseolus mungo sensu auct. fl. As. Med.19, 20
Phaseolus radiatus L.3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 16
Phaseolus radiatus L. var. aurea (Roxb.)
Phaseolus radiatus L. var. typicus Prain
Phaseolus trinervius Wight & Arn.3, 8, 21
Rudua aurea (Roxb.) F. Maek.3, 4, 11, 15
Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek var. dublobata (Roxb.)Verdc.

Taxonomy

Tribe: Phaseoleae;  Genus: Vigna

Vernacular names

Amberique7; Antandro (Madagascar)10; Atly Lobya (Azerb)19; Bourbour (Fr)22; Bu-me (Sinh)12; Chiruppataru (Tamil)23; Chiruppayaru (Tamil)23; Fagiolo Mungo (It)22; Fagiolo Semi Verdi (It)22; Fasol Zolotistaya (Rus)18; Fasola Zlota (Pl)22; Golden Gram7; Greed Gram7; Green Gram (En)24; Green Gram (En)22; Green Gram (En)1; Green Gram (En)2; Green Gram (En)3; Green Gram (En)3; Haricot Dore (Fr)22; Jerusalem-Bohne (Ge)22; Ma-sha (Tib)25; Mash (Rus)18; Mon-sran (Tib)25; Mosh (Uzb)26; Mosh (Uzb)27; Mun (Sinh)12; Mun-eta (Sinh)12; Mung7; Mung24; Mung2; Mung Bean24; Mung Bean28; Mung Bean1; Mung Bean3; Mung Bean3; Mung-bean (En)29; Mung-Bohne (Ge)22; Pani-payir (Tamil)23; Pois de Ieruzalem (Fr)22; Sarimahalay (Madagascar)10; Vigna Luchistaya (Rus)30; Voango (Madagascar)10

Descriptors

Perennial non-climbing herb;  not threatened

Uses

Environmental31; Environmental32; Environmental28; Food and Drink7; Food and Drink19; Food and Drink33; Food and Drink34; Food and Drink35; Food and Drink36; Food and Drink10; Food and Drink26; Food and Drink28; Food and Drink37; Food and Drink20; Forage31; Forage26; Medicine31; Medicine35; Food and Drink2

Notes

Introduced to japan from India.15; Recently introduced to research stations on the Mascarenes (Polhill, 1990).16; Of ancient origin in SE Asia.28; In "Flora URSS", "Flora of Cultivated Plants"38; In "Flora URSS", "Flora of Cultivated Plants"39; Scarcely different from V. mungo but produce different crops.2; Kept separate from V. mungo for convenience.2


Geographical records

Africa2, 10, 40:   Angola-ISO(I)41, Cameroon(I)1, Ethiopia(I)1, Ghana(I)1, Kenya(I)1, Malawi(I)42, Mali(I)40, Mozambique(I)42, Niger(I)43, Nigeria(I)1, Sierra Leone(I)42, South Africa(I)42, Sudan(I)1, Tanzania(I)1, Togo(I)44, Uganda(I)1, Zaire(I)45, Zambia(I)1

Asia1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 11, 12, 15, 28, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76:   Azerbaijan(I), Bangladesh(U)3, 64, Bhutan(I)47, Cambodia(U)3, 8, China(U)3, 11, India(N)2, 8, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, India-ISO(U)5, Indonesia-ISO(I)2, 49, 74, 76, Iran(I)3, 46, Iraq(I)46, Irian Jaya(I)2, Japan(I)3, 15, Java(N)74, Kazakhstan(I)37, Kirgizstan(I), Laos(U)3, 8, Malaysia-ISO(I)53, Myanmar(U)64, Nepal(I)65, Pakistan(I)6, Peninsular Malaysia(N)53, Philippines(I)51, 75, Russia in Asia(I), Sri Lanka(I)3, 12, 48, Sumatra(N)76, Tadzhikistan(I)26, Taiwan(I)52, Thailand(U)50, Turkmenistan(I), Uzbekistan(I)27, Vietnam(U)3, 8

Australasia2, 77:   Australia(I)77, Papua New Guinea(I)2

Australia:   New South Wales77, Northern Territory77, Queensland77, Western Australia77

Azerbaijan:   Azerbaijan*19, 78, Nakhichevan78

Caribbean:   Caribbean-TRP(I)3

Central America3:   Mexico (North & Central)(I)3

Europe:   Moldova(I)20, 79, Russia in Europe(I)39, Ukraine(I)

India:   Andhra Pradesh54, Arunachal Pradesh64, Assam57, Bihar66, Delhi67, Goa61, Gujarat55, Haryana68, Himachal Pradesh64, Jammu-Kashmir64, Karnataka56, Kerala69, Madhaya Pradesh70, Maharashtra62, Manipur64, Meghalaya64, Nagaland64, Orissa71, Pondicherry64, Punjab72, Rajasthan59, Sikkim64, Tamil Nadu58, Tripura60, Uttar Pradesh73, West Bengal63, Yanan64

Indian Ocean7, 10, 16, 80:   Christmas I(I)28, Madagascar(U)10, 80, Mauritius(I)16, Reunion(I)16, Seychelles(I)7

Kirgizstan:   Osh81

Middle East46:   Oman(I)46, Yemen(I)46

Pacific Ocean24, 82, 83:   Fiji(I)24, 82, Northern Marianas(U)83

Russia in Asia:   Krasnodar20

Russia in Europe:   Astrakhan20, Rostov-Don20, Volgograd20

South America84:   Argentina(I)3, Guyana(I)3, Peru(I)84, Surinam(I)3

Tadzhikistan:   Dushanbe85

Turkmenistan:   Ashkhabad33, Chardzhou33, Tashauz33

Ukraine:   Chernovtsy86, Khmelnitski87, Lvov88, Ternopol87, Zakarpatskaya89

(N = native, I = introduced, U = uncertain status)

Habitats (for Africa only)

Zambezian grassland1; Cultivated1

Literature citations

Description1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15, 18, 19, 27, 28, 31, 39, 54, 55, 57, 74, 90, 91, 92;  Distribution39;  Illustration6, 8, 10, 31, 37, 39, 93, 94, 95, 96

Sources

2005-04 SeneviratneGI (Sinhala & Tamil vern. names);     Coordinator: 2001-06 Pasquet RS

References

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35:Ambasta, S.P. (1986) The useful plants of India
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39:Pavlova, A.M. (1937) In: Flora of Cultivated Plants, Vol. 4. Moscow, Leningrsd.
40:Boudet, G. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1986) Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. IEMVPT Et. +Syn. 16.
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42:Lock, J.M. (1985) Specimen in Herb. Kew
43:Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun (1976) IEMVPT Etude Botanique No. 3. Catalogue des plantes.. du Niger
44:Ern, H. (1984) Leguminosae. In: Flore analytique du Togo. Brunel, J.F. et al.
45:Robyns, W. (Ed.) (1954) Flore du Congo Belge Vol. 6. Dalbergieae, Vicieae, Phaseoleae
46:Lock, J.M. & Simpson, K. (1991) Legumes of West Asia: A Checklist. RBG, Kew.
47:Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1987) Flora of Bhutan, Vol. 1. (Part 3). Edinburgh: RBG
48:Rudd, V.E. (1991) A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon 7: 108-381.
49:Backer, C.A. et al (1963) Flora of Java, Vol 1. Gronongen: Noordhoff.
50:Craib, W.G. (1928) Florae Siamensis Enumeratio, vol 1, Part 3. Bangkok: Siam So
51:Merrill, E.D. (1923) Enumeration of Philippine Flowering Plants Vol 2, Part 3
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85:Sharipova, B.A. (1996) Special listing and checking of Leguminosae of Tadzhikistan.
86:Kagalo, A.A. (1994) Information from CHER Herbarium (Chernovtzy, Ukraine).
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96:Goloskokov, V.P., Ed. (1962) Illustrirovannyi opredelitel... bobovykh Kazakhstana.


The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Vigna radiata . If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page.

Nomenclature

TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W3TROPICOS)

Flora Europaea database at RBG Edinburgh

APNI (Australian Plant Name Index): nomenclatural database in Canberra

Rhizobia

database of root-nodule bacteria at RIKEN, Japan



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