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Mucuna pruriens


Accepted name

Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

Synonyms

Carpopogon atropurpureum Roxb.18
Dolichos pruriens L.4, 5, 6, 7, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Mucuna atropurpurea sensu auct.7, 18, 25, 26
Mucuna axillaris Baker13
Mucuna bernieriana Baill.13
Mucuna cochinchinensis (Lour.) A. Chev.27, 28
Mucuna esquirolii H. Lev.14, 19
Mucuna minima Haines16
Mucuna nivea (Roxb.) DC.27
Mucuna prurita Hook.14, 16, 19, 23
Mucuna prurita (L.) Hook.19
Stizolobium atropurpureum (Roxb.) Kuntze18
Stizolobium pruritum (Wight) Piper5, 20, 23

Taxonomy

Tribe: Phaseoleae;  Genus: Mucuna

Vernacular names

Achariya (Sinh)29; Achariya-pala (Sinh)29; Aga (Madagascar)13; Aga (Madagascar)13; Agy13; Agy13; Ahagy13; Ahagy13; Bhainswalibel (Hi)30; Bu-chariya (Sinh)17; Buchariwa (Sinh)17; Buffalo Bean31; Chunao-avarai (Tamil)29; Cow Itch (En)32; Cow-itch33; Cow-itch3; Cowage Velvetbean34; Cowitch4; Fogarate35; Ginipus-wel (Sinh)17; Gratey35; Hell Fire Bean31; Itchy Bean31; Phandatullai (Tamil)29; Pica Pica5; Poil Gratter20; Pois a Gratter7; Pois Eveque7; Pois Mascate7; Pois Velu35; Pois-gratter20; Punnaikkaali (Tamil)29; Punnakalichi (Tamil)29; Taikilotra13; Taikilotra13; Taikilotry13; Taikilotry13; Takilotra13; Takilotra13; Taky Fotsy (Madagascar)13; Taky Fotsy (Madagascar)13; Velvet Bean7; Velvet Bean35; Velvet Bean2; Velvetbean36; Wanduru-me (Sinh)29; Wel-damiya (Sinh)29

Descriptors

Perennial climbing shrub;  not threatened

Uses

Domestic13; Environmental7; Environmental37; Environmental38; Food and Drink39; Forage40; Medicine40; Toxins13; Weed32; Toxins1; Environmental41; Food and Drink42; Forage42; Medicine42

Notes

Cultivated in the gardens on Mauritius under the name of Pois Eveque.7; Sharp barbed hairs, especially on the pods, cause acute and persistent skin13; irritation, caused by histamine liberating alkaloides and a proteolitic enzyme13; mucunin in the bristles.13; Fresh bark of a Burseraceae tree (Commiphora tetramera) is used to reduce the13; irritation.13; Widely cultivated throughout the world.2; Fruits have a dense covering of irritant bristles.2


Geographical records

Africa13, 32:   Angola-ISO(N)1, Burundi(N)43, Cameroon(N)43, Chad(N)44, Equatorial Guinea-ISO(N)43, Ethiopia(N)1, Ghana(N)45, Guinea(N)45, Guinea Bissau(N)45, Ivory Coast(N)43, Kenya(N)1, Liberia(N)45, Malawi(N)1, Mozambique(N)1, Nigeria(N)45, Sao Tome & Principe(N)46, Senegal(N)43, Sierra Leone(N)45, South Africa(N)43, Sudan(N)47, Tanzania(N)1, Togo(N)45, Uganda(N)1, Zaire(N)1, Zambia(N)1, Zimbabwe(N)1

Asia1, 2, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 32, 37, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65:   Bangladesh(N)16, Bhutan(N)9, Cambodia(N)15, China(N)14, 15, 19, Hainan(N)14, India(N)16, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, Indonesia-ISO(N)64, Japan(I)37, Java(N)64, Malaysia-ISO(N)15, 49, Myanmar(N)15, Nepal(N)12, 60, Pakistan(N)8, Peninsular Malaysia(N)49, Philippines(N)48, 65, Sri Lanka(N)17, Taiwan(N)11, 14, 19, Thailand(N)15, Vietnam(N)15

Australasia66:   Papua New Guinea(N)2

Caribbean3, 4, 5, 20, 33, 35:   Bahamas(N)33, Cayman Is(N)3, Cuba(N)5, Dominican Republic(U)35, Guadeloupe(N)20, Haiti(U)35, Jamaica(N)4, Martinique(N)20

Central America23:   Belize(U)23, 67, Costa Rica(U)68, 69, El Salvador(U)23, Guatemala(U)23, Mexico (South East)(N)23, Panama(U)23

China:   Guangdong14, Guangxi14, Guizhou14, Hubei14, Sichuan14, Yunnan14

Comoro Is:   Anjouan I70

India:   Andhra Pradesh50, Arunachal Pradesh54, Assam16, Bihar16, Dadra-Nagar-Haveli57, Delhi61, Goa57, Gujarat51, Haryana16, Himachal Pradesh58, Jammu-Kashmir16, Karnataka52, Kerala16, Madhaya Pradesh62, Maharashtra16, Manipur16, Meghalaya16, Nagaland16, Orissa16, Pondicherry59, Punjab63, Rajasthan53, Sikkim16, Tamil Nadu16, Tripura56, Uttar Pradesh16, West Bengal16, Yanan59

Indian Ocean7, 13, 26, 59, 70, 71, 72:   Andaman Is(N)59, Christmas I(N)32, Comoro Is(I)70, 71, Laccadive Is(I)72, Madagascar(N)1, 13, Mauritius(I)1, 7, Reunion(I)7, Seychelles(I)26

North America36:   United States(I)36, 73

Pacific Ocean2, 38, 74:   Bismarck Archipelago(N)2, Northern Marianas(I)74, Society Is(U)38, Solomon Is(N)2

South America1, 75:   Brazil(U)22, 76, Surinam(I)75, Venezuela(U)77

United States:   Alabama36, Florida36, North Carolina36, South Carolina36

(N = native, I = introduced, U = uncertain status)

Habitats (for Africa only)

Guineo-Congolian forest1; Guinea-Congolian anthropic landscapes1; Zambezian forest1; Zambezian bushland and thicket1; Zambezian wooded grassland1; Sudanian bushland and thicket1; Sudanian wooded grassland1; Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket1; Somalia-Masai wooded grasslands1; Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; forest1; Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; anthropic landscapes1; Lake Victoria regional mosaic; forest1; Lake Victoria regional mosaic; bushland and thicket1; Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland1; Lake Victoria regional mosaic; anthropic landscapes1

Literature citations

Description1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 26, 32, 33, 35, 40, 42, 64, 65, 78, 79;  Distribution65;  Illustration1, 2, 5, 7, 9, 13, 15, 16, 33, 35, 42, 65, 79

Sources

2005-04 SeneviratneGI (Sinhala & Tamil vern. names);     Coordinator: 2005-10 Agababian M (French vern. names)

References

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2:Verdcourt, B. (1979) A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
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20:Fournet, J. (1978) Flore illustree des phanerogames de Guadeloupe & Martinique
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The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Mucuna pruriens . If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page.

Nomenclature

TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W3TROPICOS)

Rhizobia

database of root-nodule bacteria at RIKEN, Japan



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